Valbopan is a small-sized company (SME), located in the west coast of Portugal that produces MDF and develops different and innovative products out of standard commodities. Nowadays the most important challenge to the R&D area is finding good alternative raw materials and natural binders to give sustainability to products and make it more environmentally friendly. To achieve this goal Valbopan needs cooperation with big industry partners working in the same field. Within the SUSBIND project Valbopan was entrusted with pilot production of MDF boards with natural binders.
Thanks to the the expertise and experience, Valbopan team managed to deliver 18mm MDF and 3mm HDF laboratory boards with mechanical properties suitable for evaluation at IKEA and further use in the production of prototypes. A comparison with the properties for 3mm HDF was conducted in reference to the commercial LSO and soy and with standard MDF with synthetic resin. Mechanical properties of the boards were achieved with same temperature of the press, they had less moisture of fibres, with similar addition of the binder they needed 10% more pressing time.
MDF boards at (c)Valbopan
Promising results from lab scale testing of the binder on MDF
The mechanical results were quite good when compared with the standard product, except for the swelling in thickness after immersion in water for 24h, although the result was better than comparing it only with soy flour. For future work it is recommended to enhance the behaviour in water, by increasing the wax emulsion on the fibres.
Main R&D engineer on the project Alexandra Gouveia shares some insights from her work on the project:
The SUSBIND binder developed by Wood K plus and Egger gave us the opportunity to optimize the tax of addition on fibres and the results were very good, when compared with a traditional UF resin. During the last trials at laboratory scale with the same amount of binder that we normally use with synthetic resin we had the same mechanical properties on the boards obtained of 18mm MDF. This is very promising and keep us interested in continuing to work with this kind of binder!
To consider using the SUSBIND binder on a small industrial scale in the future it would be necessary to improve the stability in time of it by having at least two weeks of life-time after receiving it at the plant. After all the results on MDF laboratory boards the SUSBIND binder exceed the expectations in its performance with the wood fibres here at Valbopan”.
https://susbind.eu/wp-content/uploads/2022/08/valbo1.png326436SUSBINDhttps://susbind.eu/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/SUSBIND-WEB-300x59.pngSUSBIND2022-08-31 23:54:252022-09-16 13:02:34SUSBIND Pilot production of Medium Density Fibre Boards (MDF) at Valbopan
The main objective of the SUSBIND project was to produce and test bio-based adhesives in an industrially relevant environment (TRL 5) as an alternative to formaldehyde-based adhesives currently used in the manufacture of wood-based panels. Within the SUSBIND project, work package 2 applies new and greener conversion technologies for the production of adhesives and intermediates and as well technologies using non-added formaldehyde ingredients, which might be a future long-term requirement from legislation point of view.
The production and validation of the most promising adhesives at pilot scale were then done with leading wood board manufactures;
Valbopan (Portugal) producing medium density fibre board (MDF) and as well thin high density fibre board (HDF).
As a final step, the boards with the most promising SUSBIND adhesive formulation* was evaluated by IKEA with respect to technical and emissions requirements when used in a typical example of IKEA furniture.
The final, visual result of the SUSBIND project (c)IKEA
An important final, overall result of the project is that a SUSKET box has been produced. This small furniture has been shown at different conferences (International Conference on Wood Adhesives in Portland, USA in May 2022, and the SUSBIND Final Conference, others to come) and seminars and is testimony of that boards made of quite a high content of biomaterials in the adhesive (up to 80% by mass and 60% by carbon) can be used for producing a flat package furniture with characteristic post treatments.
It is advised to look for alternative crosslinker that has a lower carbon footprint, greater availability, and cheaper prices as the SUSBIND adhesive idea (fructose+ HMF/BHT) has a less desirable carbon footprint and poor availability of the BHT crosslinker. Moreover, it would also be of priority to, in a potential next step of the project, look deeper into a crosslinker from renewable resources (“biobased crosslinker”).
The technical properties of the SUSBIND adhesive are however promising, although we do not yet know the feasibility in industrial environment (press factor). The lab scale testing indicates however good properties at 10 sec/mm press factor and OK also for 8 sec/mm, which at least give some hope to manage up to half of that pressing time in industrial scale, which is needed.
Further investigation is also required to determine how the SUSBIND adhesive manages to attain such significant (relatively observed) acetic acid emissions. Could these emissions be reduced by changing to another crosslinker or are they (also) related to the wood source and/or press schedule used etc.?
Overall, the SUSKET box has reached a number of important technical board requirements for industry and IKEA. Additional research and developments are needed to ensure a full compliance and fulfilment of all the requirements. The boards manufactured on a small scale and in a prototype final product, the SUSBIND adhesive has displayed promising technical performance (at Technology Readiness Level, TRL 5). The technological development of the SUSBIND adhesive shows promising perspectives for the future.
https://susbind.eu/wp-content/uploads/2022/07/Picture3.jpg472630SUSBINDhttps://susbind.eu/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/SUSBIND-WEB-300x59.pngSUSBIND2022-08-31 23:12:292022-08-31 23:16:16Validation of SUSBIND PB, MDF and HDF boards at IKEA
The SUSBIND consortium has developed a bio-based adhesive system for P2 particleboard (PB) and medium-density fibreboard (MDF) targeting two main environmental goals: a 5% lower carbon footprint (TRL 5 for bio-based compared to TRL 9 for the fossil benchmark) and lower human health impacts compared to the benchmark.
The consortium partners have developed a novel formaldehyde-free binder that is up to 80% bio-based. The new binder has shown promising technical performance in lab-scale testing and in a prototype IKEA product. The SUSBIND binder is based on fructose derived from wheat/maize, hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) made from fructose and fossil bis(hexamethylene)triamine (BHT).
Environmental and human health potential of the SUSBIND binder
The SUSBIND partner CE Delft conducted a sustainability research in which the environmental performance of the SUSBIND adhesive system was compared to a state-of-the-art Urea-formaldehyde (UF) adhesive system in wood-based boards. In addition, the first board emission test (emissions during use of the product) results were analysed to give a first indication of the human health performance during the use phase of wood-based boards.
The analysis of potential human health impacts shows that SUSBIND boards can emit different substances during their use phase compared to MUF/UF reference boards, such as higher acetic acid emissions. While the emissions are different and in some cases higher, the overall human health impact of SUSBIND boards is projected to be lower based on the ReCiPe 2016 human health indicator.
This analysis confirms it is considered unlikely that the wood-based boards using SUSBIND binder lead to increases in emissions that are harmful to human health, specifically due to the avoidance of UF and the resulting lower formaldehyde emissions.
Guidelines for carbon footprint reduction
Further research results of CE Delft life-cycle analysis show that adhesive systems based on the SUSBIND binder while not yet meeting the 5% carbon footprint reduction target compared to UF show a great potential in reaching it. This is primarily due to the use of the fossil crosslinker BHT, that contributes between 43% and 65% of the total carbon footprint of SUSBIND adhesive systems.
Based on the conclusions from the contribution analysis, six key carbon footprint improvement possibilities are identified:
1) Reduction of the amount of BHT in the binder formulation
2) Switching to alternative crosslinkers in the binder formulation
3) Changing BHT production by bio-based in ingredient sourcing
4) Reducing the energy consumption/energy mix of binder production in upscaling
5) Adjusting the additives in bio-based hydrophobic wax in board formulation
6) Reducing the overall amount of resin used in board formulation.
Therefore, it may be concluded that further reduction of 5% in carbon footprint is envisaged and it is very likely that further research could achieve further carbon footprint reduction by following the above listed six key options. Additionally, larger carbon footprint reductions are needed to achieve the European and global climate change goals.
The SUSBIND project concludes by demonstrating the technological viability and great potential of a carbohydrate-based glue for wood-based boards. Consideration of whether substitutes for the fossil crosslinker BHT, such as those based on bio-based or recycled feedstocks, could provide a lower carbon footprint is thus a promising direction.
(C) Wood K plus – SUSBIND binder ingredients
Commercial aspects of the SUSBIND binder
Last but not least, CE Delft also carried out a market uptake analysis to see whether the SUSBIND binder could compete with the most cutting-edge binder currently on the market and whether post-project production upscaling was technically, economically, and legally possible.
The extent to which the SUSBIND binder satisfies the necessary requirements for a successful market uptake was examined in this analysis. This should demonstrate that the resin can be manufactured on a large scale and is technically possible. In addition, the cost parameters need to be seen as competitive with that of conventional UF and other bio-based or formaldehyde-free binders.
Future regulation should work in the SUSBIND binder’s favor. If the product is commercially attractive to make will depend on the preferences of the final consumer and downstream producers.
The SUSBIND project has resulted in the development of a binder that meets industry and technical requirements. The key uncertainty factors that could prevent a successful market acceptance of BHT include price, availability, and carbon footprint. These issues can potentially be overcome, principally in the longer term. The business case for SUSBIND binder can change over time, partly depending on government policies, and it may be possible to develop and install new production capacity for BHT with a lower carbon footprint. It is therefore recommended to further investigate the options for upscaling in relation to more favourable prices.
Since BHT is the principal impediment to market adoption, it is advised to concurrently pursue the development of BHT replacement crosslinkers or alternate production methods that can address production capacity, environmental footprint, and cost issues.
This article is based on the three official project reports, produced by CE Delft within the SUSBIND project. For further details read summary versions here shortly.
https://susbind.eu/wp-content/uploads/2022/08/SUSBIND-collage.jpg654657SUSBINDhttps://susbind.eu/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/SUSBIND-WEB-300x59.pngSUSBIND2022-08-25 13:15:502022-08-25 15:51:11New SUSBIND binder proves environmentally-friendly with improved human health impacts
SUSBIND Industry-led White Paper on EU Furniture Ecolabel revision
Within the framework of the project, SUSBIND partners have developed an industry-led white paper on the EU’s Furniture Ecolabel revision. Criteria 049 of the EU Ecolabel addresses multiple aspects of furniture products beyond the scope of the SUSBIND project. Accordingly, the recommendations and statements in this white paper focus solely on the European market for wood-based panels and adhesive used in furniture production.
The research paper includes an extensive survey on the above-mentioned subject and addresses multiple stakeholders, from producers of wood, adhesives, and other materials, to producers of wood-based panels, furniture retailers and manufacturers. and last but not least, it provides valuable data to consumers. The survey was conducted by RTDS in close co-operation with the European Furniture Industries Confederation (EFIC), the European Federation for Furniture (FENA), the European Office Furniture Federation (FEMB) as well as with national organisations. It included 2,000 interviewees from the general public within four countries: Sweden, Spain, Poland and Germany, representing the geographical North, South, East and West respectively.
The white paper focuses on the following topics:
The relevance of the EU Ecolabel from both industry and consumer’s perspectives
The expectations from industry and consumers towards EU Ecolabel
The limitations or barriers to uptake of the EU Ecolabel in the furniture industry
The specific recommendations to contribute to a new EU ecolabelling strategy for the furniture industry, with emphasis on the following themes:
Hazardous substances and indoor air quality
Carbon footprint recyclability and waste management
SUSBIND survey results
One of the most interesting survey results is the fact that the consumers are willing to pay more for certified sustainable and healthy furniture products once they were made aware of their health and environmental benefits. Moreover, it is highly interesting that the responses before and after the survey differed in favour of “willing to pay even more” once they received more information on sustainable healthy products and after increasing their awareness of the benefits certified products offer.
Also, interestingly enough the interviewees had a relatively little knowledge of formaldehyde emissions related to furniture, and the majority showed great interest in EU Ecolabel providing more information about the certified products.
The final version of the SUSBIND industry-led white paper on the EU Furniture Ecolabel revision will be published here shortly. Stay tuned for more information.
https://susbind.eu/wp-content/uploads/2022/08/Certification-marks-can-certify-various-products.jpg7201280SUSBINDhttps://susbind.eu/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/SUSBIND-WEB-300x59.pngSUSBIND2022-08-11 12:39:322022-08-11 13:06:30SUSBIND discovers consumers willing to pay more for bio-based furniture products
For the occasion of the Final Online Conference on June 1, 2022, SUSBIND was honoured to host Antonio Delre – Project Officer at Joint Research Centre of the European Commission, who presented the latest developments on the EU Ecolabel criteria for furniture. Here are some highlights of his presentation.
The EU Ecolabel is an EU voluntary label for eco excellence set in Regulation 66/2010 released in 2010 and established thirty years ago. It certifies products with a guaranteed, independently-verified low environmental impact. To be awarded the EU Ecolabel goods and services should meet high environmental standard throughout their entire life-cycle, from an analysis of the raw material extraction through production and distribution to disposal. Products are classified into mini-product groups and there almost 90 000 products awarded so far with more than 2000 licences. A company can get a licence within mini-products, so mini products can be part of more than one licence.
When observing the number of products and licences for furniture awarded in the last eight years, one can notice an increase in number for both categories from 2019 until today. This trend was triggered by the regulation of the Danish authorities to allow only EU Ecolabel furniture in public procurement. Public authorities within the EU are major consumers of EU Ecolabel furniture and they represent 40% of the EU growth domestic product.
EU Ecolabel criteria
EU Ecolabel criteria are set in the European Commission Decision (EU) 2016/1332 and are valid until July 2022 and the current validity will be extended according to Antonio Delre – Project Officer at JRC.
The product group ‘furniture’ includes free-standing or built-in units whose primary function is to be used for the storage, placement or hanging of items and/or to provide surfaces where users can rest, sit, eat, study or work, whether for indoor or outdoor use. The scope extends to domestic furniture and contract furniture items for use in domestic or non-domestic environments. Bed frames, legs, bases and headboards are included in the scope.
The following products are excluded from the EU Ecolabel scope:
(a) Bed mattresses, which are covered by the criteria set out in Commission Decision 2014/391/EU (3), (b) Products whose primary function is not to be used as per paragraph 1, including streetlights, railings and fences, ladders, clocks, playground equipment, stand-alone or wall-hung mirrors, electrical conduits, road bollards and building products such as steps, doors, windows, floor coverings and cladding.
(c) Second-hand, refinished, refurbished or remanufactured furniture products.
(d) Furniture fitted in vehicles used for public or private transit.
(e) Furniture products which consist of more than 5 % (weight by weight) of materials not included in the following list: solid wood, wood-based panels, cork, bamboo, rattan, plastics, metals, leather, coated fabrics, textiles, glass and padding/filling materials.
The EU Ecolabel criteria are classified in the following eleven categories:
General requirements for hazardous substances and mixtures (Substances of Very High Concern)
Wood, cork, bamboo and rattan
Upholstery covering materials
Upholstery padding materials
Glass: use of heavy metals
Final product requirements
Information appearing on the EU Ecolabel
Final product requirements are quite important as they include: easy disassembly for repair, reuse and recycling, extended product guarantee and provision of spare parts.
The criteria number 3 is relevant for furniture as it sets the requirements for:
Contaminants in recycled wood used in wood-based panels
Heavy metals and VOC in paints, primers and varnishes
Formaldehyde emissions from wood-based panels
Formaldehyde emissions from wood-based panels
Formaldehyde emissions from wood-based panels within the EU Ecolabel must be below one of these three requirements: 50% of the threshold value classified in E1 (EN 13986)- European standard, or below 65% of the threshold value of E1 (EN 13986) for MDF or alternatively be lower that the limits set in CARB Phase IIm JIS F-3 star and JIS F-4 star.
All these requirements apply only if the content in the wood-based panel exceeds 5% of the whole weight of the product. Additionally, it applies in the boards that are used in the furniture products manufactured by using the formaldehyde-based resins.
Figure 1: Proposed ecodesign reqirements
This year there was a Proposal COM (2022) 142 for Eco-design for Sustainable Product Regulation by the European Commission, which is a framework legislation. Within this package furniture was spot to be a suitable candidate to be included in the first working plan. This means as soon as this regulation goes through scrutiny of the EU Parliament and the Council, it is likely that there will be A specific Delegated Act addressing the eco-design of furniture. The next revision of the EU Ecolabel criteria will consider the requirements reported in the delegated Act for furniture.
Proposed eco-design requirements include general qualities such as durability, reparability and reusability to name only a few important ones. The SUSBIND project is currently finalising the results of an EU Ecolabel survey that is part of an industry-led White Paper for the EU Ecolabel revision. SUSBIND can therefore provide an important support in withholding these requirements according to Delre.
You can read the recent preliminary results of the SUSBIND survey here.
https://susbind.eu/wp-content/uploads/2022/08/Banner_Delre_corr.png37506667SUSBINDhttps://susbind.eu/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/SUSBIND-WEB-300x59.pngSUSBIND2022-08-05 15:42:202022-08-11 15:38:22EU Ecolabel Criteria for furniture and the SUSBIND survey
As the climate changes, the furniture of the future will have to be sustainable, multi-functional and efficient. Nowadays, the wood board industry relies heavily on fossil-based binders that contain formaldehyde. Having the circular economy in mind, there have been many initiatives to produce alternative binders from renewable resources, but a bio-based binder at industrial scale does not yet exist.
SUSBIND’s collaborative partnership consisting of six research and five industry partners was able to develop a bio-based binder for the manufacture of interior particleboards and medium density fibreboard (MDF).
SUSBIND Consortium members at Valbopan factory, in Nazaré, Portugal
Major scientific results
SUSBIND partners experimented with crops such as natural side streams, surplus carbohydrates, plant oils and fats to convert them into a bio-based chemical composition binder.
SUSBIND researchers developed a binder that is 80% renewable and based on sugar, and 20% based on a crosslinker that is synthetic.
Wood K plus scientists meet industrial partners of Cargill
The scientific work focused on two main topics: First, on developing enzymatic technology for epoxidising complex mixtures of fatty acids obtained from vegetable oils and second, on developing a carbohydrate-based pathway for binder production. The most effective green raw material for reactive intermediates has proven to be carbohydrates. Different binder compositions were tested in laboratory experiments. The most promising binders comprised fructose, HMF and hexamethylenediamine (HMDA) and bishexamethylenetriamine (BHT) as amine crosslinkers.
In simple terms, the outcome is a sugar-based binder that we obtain from surplus and sustainable feedstock from European bio-refineries. Because 80% of the sugar-based binder is derived from biomass, wood-based boards can be almost entirely made from renewable resources.
Industrial contribution: PB and MDF testing and production
The binder was also tested at a lab-scale for binder characteristics such as viscosity, solid content and pH, bonding strength development, pressing times and temperatures, strength and curing speed being the most important qualities. SUSBIND industry partners produced the particleboards and MDF boards. Further validation of the produced SUSBIND-bonded boards was undertaken by producing a prototype furniture (TRL5) by IKEA of Sweden. The sustainable prototype box “SUSKET” was inspired by the IKEA’s famous EKET.
Most important technical results suggest the following:
PB boards are comparable to UF-bonded ones in terms of internal bond strength and press time.
The SUSBIND particleboards surpassed the requirements of the European standard EN312, class P2
MDF optimisation was possible even with 8% binder and was in line with European regulations in terms of density, flexion, elasticity, internal bond, humidity resistance and deflection resistance need further optimisation in the formulation.
The SUSBIND project sets the collaboration framework as well as the technical solution for the future of bio-based binders for furniture. Up to 80% of the bulk of the SUSBIND binder is made up of renewable materials. It has a lower impact on human health and it is formaldehyde-free.
The SUSBIND renewable binder is expected to lead to lower emissions and improve the air we breathe in our houses and offices. Health impact is expected to be about 40 to 55% lower than that of Ureafolrmaldehyde boards.
Further reduction of 5% in carbon footprint is envisaged, which should improve the quality of our environment and life on the planet.
It is also very likely that further research could achieve even more carbon footprint reduction.
On the left a SUSBIND MDF board produced by Valbopan and on the right a SUSKET box produced by IKEA
A Way into the future
After four years of research and cooperation between industry and science the SUSBIND partners were able to develop a binder that is made of 80% renewable materials. It is formaldehyde-free and has a lower impact on human health. The SUSBIND project sets the collaboration framework and the technical solution for the future of bio-based binders for furniture. Now is Europe’s chance to capitalize on the exciting untapped potential shown by the SUSBIND results.
SUSBIND was set out to have a dream to deliver something sustainable for future generations. With the cooperation of the partners, and many stakeholders along the value chain, we have come a long way to make that dream a game changing reality in the future.
https://susbind.eu/wp-content/uploads/2022/07/2022-06-10_13-54-27_299-scaled.jpg19202560SUSBINDhttps://susbind.eu/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/SUSBIND-WEB-300x59.pngSUSBIND2022-07-29 13:28:352022-09-01 19:57:40SUSBIND consortium capitalises on excellent results for biobased binders for furniture at the project end
Wood adhesives must meet various criteria in terms of technical suitability and economic feasibility . Important requirements in this regard are a rapid cure speed and high reactivity. Previously, these properties were identified as remaining challenges in the manufacture of bio-based adhesive and still prevent a cleaner production of wood particleboards .
Hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) is a promising, bio-based chemical acting as a highly reactive compound in adhesives. HMF has earned the epithet of a (sleeping) giant of sustainable chemistry, a term playing on its anticipated high market potential as well as on challenges occurring in large-scale production. Previously, it was found that HMF acts as a key reactant in fructose-amine adhesives, leading to an increased reactivity . As visualized in Figure 1, this increased reactivity is a result of the lower activation energy needed for the curing reaction of the SUSBIND adhesive (a fructose-HMF-bishexamethylenetriamine (BHT) system). The activation energy is defined as the minimum energy that is required for a reactive species (e.g. an uncured adhesive) to undergo a reaction (e.g. curing reaction).
Figure 1: Illustration of the activation energy (left) and activation energy of SUSBIND adhesive (Fructose-HMF(5%)-BHT) during curing reaction (right) 
Laboratory-scale particleboard production
Within the SUSBIND project, lab-scale particleboards were produced together with the industry partner Fritz EGGER GmbH & Co. OG to evaluate the potential of HMF as reactive compound in the SUSBIND adhesive. Figure 2 depicts a typical particleboard production process in lab-scale.
Figure 2: Workflow of the production of laboratory-scale particleboards
An important process-related parameter in the production of particleboards is the so-called press factor. It is the time needed to cure 1mm of the panel cross section. As can be seen in Figure 3, typical laboratory-scale press factors lie in the range of 5-12 s/mm using hot press-temperatures of 180-240 °C. Many carbohydrate-based adhesives need longer press factors to reach the minimum requirements of the European standard EN312 (e.g. internal bond strength). This is a result of their reduced reactivity and cure speed. The internal bond strength is a quality parameter in the aforementioned European standard, which specifies the classification requirements of particleboards. It is indicated as a line at 0.35 N/mm2 in Figure 3. Particleboards bonded with the SUSBIND adhesive surpass P2 requirements of the European standard EN312. The detailed discussion of the particleboard testing will be published in an upcoming scientific article .
Figure 3: Internal bond strength of particleboards bonded with SUSBIND adhesive, compared to reported literature on carbohydrate- and/or HMF-containing adhesives , [4-5]
Further validation of the produced particleboards will be done by our project-partner IKEA, who will use the produced boards to produce small prototype furniture pieces.
DI Catherine Rosenfeld, BSc.
Junior Researcher, Area Wood Materials Technologies
 Arias, A., González-Rodríguez, S., Vetroni Barros, M., Salvador, R., de Francisco, A. C., Moro Piekarski, C., & Moreira, M. T. (2021). Recent developments in bio-based adhesives from renewable natural resources. Journal of Cleaner Production, 314, 127892. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.127892
 Solt;, P., Konnerth, J., Gindl-Altmutter, W., Kantner, W., Moser, J., Mitter, R., & van Herwijnen, H., W. G. ;. (2019). Technological performance of formaldehyde-free adhesive alternatives for particleboard industry. International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives, 94, 99-131. doi:doi.org/10.1016/j.ijadhadh.2019.04.007
 Thoma;, C., Solt, P., Sailer-Kronlachner, W., Rosenau, T., Potthast, A., Konnerth, J., . . . van Herwijnen, H. W. G. (2021). Carbohydrate-hydroxymethylfurfural-amine adhesives: Chemorheological analysis and rheokinetic study. polymer, 231(124128).
 Rosenfeld;, C., Konnerth, J., Sailer-Kronlachner, W., Rosenau, T., Potthast, A., Solt, P., & van Herwijnen, H. W. G. (2020). Hydroxymethylfurfural and its Derivatives: Potential Key Reactants in Adhesives. ChemSusChem, 13(20), 5408-5422. doi:https://doi.org/10.1002/cssc.202001539
 Rosenfeld, C., Solt-Rindler, P., Sailer-Kronlachner, W., Kuncinger, T., Konnerth, J., Geyer, A., van Herwijnen, H.W.G. (2022). Effect of mat moisture content, adhesive amount and press time on the performance of particleboards bonded with fructose-based adhesive. submitted
https://susbind.eu/wp-content/uploads/2022/07/Figure-2_JPEG-scaled.jpg12052560SUSBINDhttps://susbind.eu/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/SUSBIND-WEB-300x59.pngSUSBIND2022-07-22 11:49:192022-07-22 11:49:41Hydroxymethylfurfural in wood adhesives: Using the strength of a giant in interior particleboards
The 12th International Conference on Wood Adhesives (ICWA) was successfully held May 11-13, 2022 in Portland, Oregon, USA with the active contribution of the SUSBIND Team, represented by Wood K Plus, Cargill, IKEA and the Project Coordinator RTDS.
@IKEA produced the SUSKET box
This premier technical conference on advances in the adhesion of wood and biomass is held ever 3-4 years, and due to the pandemic, it was the first conference since 2017.Delegates from around the world gathered and attended this 3-day event investigating and discussing the latest developments from the world of adhesives.
SUSBIND, an EU funded Horizon/Biobased Industries Joint Undertaking funded research and innovation project in collaboration of six research and five industrial partners has made substantial progress in developing highly sustainable bio-based binders. It is envisaged that these binders will in future replace the conventional fossil-based ones currently used for wood-based panel boards in furniture mass products.
In the framework of the project, SUSBIND showcased the innovative solutions in terms of novel technologies, both for the enzymatic conversion of lipids and thermo/chemical conversion of carbohydrates which are scalable and applicable in numerous industrial relevant environments.
The results were impressively demonstrated in the first prototype product based on the successful EKET range of IKEA. This “SUS-EKET” has zero formaldehyde and uses bio-based binders from carbohydrates and vegetable oils. Both integrated particle boards from Egger and MDF units from Valbopan were utilised.
Due to the key ingredients and due to the pressing the boards show a slightly darker colour compared to commercial boards. “This “Feature” – is a sign of proof of the bio based nature of the boards” says Mikael Muegge Senior Manager at RTDS.
@IKEA darker board with the SUSBIND biobased adhesive
While there is still room for optimisation on formulation and facilitation of pressing time, the boards pass all the set requirements.
The SUSBIND binder aims at containing a significantly lower carbon footprint, and reducing formaldehyde emissions, and thus making a meaningful contribution in improving the public health and helping mitigate climate change. Hand in hand with the EU’ Green Deal targets, SUSBIND also provides cutting-edge clean technological innovation by converting carbohydrates and vegetable oils to binder precursors by “mild” technologies.
Accordingly, SUSBIND under the management of Stephen Webb and Mikael Muegge (RTDS) held a 30-minute podium discussion with leading industry and scientific experts Manfred Dunky, Massimo Bregola from Cargill, Erik van Herwijnen from Wood K plus and Venla Hemmilä from Inter IKEA Group fostering international dialogue between stakeholders identifying the criteria, opportunities and constraints to successfully produce and market net zero emission furniture. In this framework, SUSBIND showcased its key findings and results and the relevance these innovations (e.g. formaldehyde free products) have in the EU and USA.
@RTDS: Venla Hemmilä of IKEA and Massimo Bregola of Cargill at the Conference.
Looking at the critical point in the movement towards Net Zero Furniture the group looked at three key aspects, namely sourcing, production and marketability of such novel solutions.
In terms of sourcing Massimo Bregola from Cargill, made it clear that key aspects such as availability of raw materials and their limitations, food vs non-food sources and their relationship going forward are key priorities.
Manfred Dunky, leading industry expert added that the question of availability has two levels: for niche products for the start to implement this technology, and at an all industrial scale which requires very different parameters, some of which may not even exist in Europe.
For Venla Hemmilä from Inter IKEA Group these initiatives are clear game changers
For IKEA “sustainable furniture” have the potential to be a “game changer”. It is clear that a number of steps needs to be done by the various stakeholder groups to enable these advancements to be part of a pivotal moment.
https://susbind.eu/wp-content/uploads/2022/07/eket-portland.jpg532540SUSBINDhttps://susbind.eu/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/SUSBIND-WEB-300x59.pngSUSBIND2022-07-04 11:22:102022-07-04 13:21:32SUSBIND sparks discussion of the future for Net Zero furniture
As the climate changes, the furniture of the future will have to be sustainable, multi-functional and efficient and today’s designers and manufacturers are already starting to explore these areas, paving the way for future developments. The wood board industry already having the circular economy in mind currently relies on the use of mainly fossil-based binders, largely formaldehyde-based binders. A number of initiatives are underway to produce alternative binders from renewable resources, but a bio-based binder at industrial scale does not yet exist.
SUSBIND’s collaborative partnership of six research and five industry partners has made substantial progress in developing highly sustainable bio-based binders that will in future replace conventional fossil-based ones currently used for wood-based panel boards in furniture mass products.
The SUSBIND binder aims at containing a significantly lower carbon footprint, while also reducing formaldehyde emissions and thus making a meaningful contribution in improving the public health and helping mitigate climate change. Hand in hand with the EU’ Green Deal targets, SUSBIND also provides cutting-edge clean technological innovation by converting carbohydrates and vegetable oils to binder precursors by “mild” technologies.
This conference will showcase the innovative solutions the project delivers in terms of novel technologies, both for enzymatic conversion of lipids and thermo/chemical conversion of carbohydrates which are scalable and applicable in numerous industrial relevant environments.
Moreover, the SUSBIND final online conference will examine current and future trends in and beyond the binder market for furniture and check applicability of similar solutions in research and other industry fields. The aim of this global online conference is to share experience, open debates for future trends and comparable projects as well as to attract attention of relevant stakeholder and reach out to a broad audience.
Welcome and Introduction to the Conference: Stephen Webb –CEO RTDS Group
10:00-10:10 Key note: SUSBIND as European Bioeconomy in the making
Philippe Mengal- Circular Bio-based Europe Joint Undertaking (CBE JU), Executive Director
10:10-10:20 Key note: Rolle of industry in European circular economy initiatives and European projects
Dirk Carrez – Bio-based Industry Consortium – (BIC), Executive Director
10:20-10:35 Challenges of Bio-based Materials from an Industrial Perspective
Final address: Oliver Zobell – Project OfficerCBE JU
https://susbind.eu/wp-content/uploads/2022/04/DSC6072-scaled.jpg17072560SUSBINDhttps://susbind.eu/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/SUSBIND-WEB-300x59.pngSUSBIND2022-04-29 08:44:092022-06-03 11:48:47From sustainable raw materials to sustainable recycling in furniture: SUSBIND Final Online Conference
SUSBIND is proud to announce its upcoming Industry Online seminar: “From science to production – achievements so far” that will take place on May 18, 2022 from 10:10 to 11:50 CEST. The seminar will showcase the best of project results and findings from our five European industry partners that develop and test bio-based furniture binders for furniture.
As the climate changes, the furniture of the future will have to be sustainable, multi-functional and efficient and today’s manufacturers are already starting to explore these areas, paving the way for future developments. The wood board industry already having the circular economy in mind currently relies on the use of mainly fossil-based binders, largely formaldehyde-based binders. A number of initiatives are underway to produce alternative binders from renewable resources, but a bio-based binder at industrial scale does not yet exist.
SUSBIND’s collaborative partnership of six research and five industry partners has made substantial progress in developing highly sustainable bio-based binders that will in future replace conventional fossil-based ones currently used for wood-based panel boards in furniture mass products.
The SUSBIND consortium is looking at meeting the future needs and constraints of the furniture industry, consumers and regulatory bodies to reduce formaldehyde emissions across the furniture value chain, as well contributing to decarbonisation of the industry.
The aim of this online seminar is to share experience and present the best of SUSBIND industry project results, to open debates for future trends as well as to attract attention of relevant stakeholders.
https://susbind.eu/wp-content/uploads/2022/04/S2_Banner_general_220422.png37506667SUSBINDhttps://susbind.eu/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/SUSBIND-WEB-300x59.pngSUSBIND2022-04-22 11:35:282022-05-20 09:39:32SUSBIND Industry Online Seminar: “From science to production – achievements so far”
Click on the different category headings to find out more. You can also change some of your preferences. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer.
Essential Website Cookies
These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features.
We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. You can check these in your browser security settings.
Other external services
We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. Changes will take effect once you reload the page.
Google Webfont Settings:
Google Map Settings:
Google reCaptcha Settings:
Vimeo and Youtube video embeds: